Stress is a bodily reaction that occurs when someone faces a threat, pressure, or change.
Stress can also occur due to situations or thoughts that make a person feel hopeless, nervous, angry, or excited.
This situation will trigger the body’s response, both physically and mentally. The body’s response to stress can be breathing and heart rate becoming fast, muscles becoming stiff, and blood pressure rising.
Stress is often triggered by emotional distress, such as problems in the family, social relationships, broken hearts, unrequited love, or financial problems. In addition, stress can also be triggered by the illness. Having a family member who is easily stressed, will make that person also more easily experience stress.
Everyone, including children, have experienced stress. This condition does not always bring bad effects and is generally only temporary. Stress will end when a condition that causes stress or frustration is passed.
Prolonged stress can interfere with physical health and weaken the immune system. In addition, stress can also cause interference with the digestive system and reproductive system. People who experience prolonged stress will usually also experience sleep disorders.
Symptoms that arise when a person experiences stress can vary, depending on the cause and how to react. Symptoms or signs of stress can be divided into:
Symptoms of emotions, such as irritability, frustration, mood swings, difficult to calm the mind, low self-esteem, and feel lonely, useless, confused, and lost control, to look confused, avoid others, and depression.
Physical symptoms, such as weakness, dizziness, migraine, tension headaches, indigestion (nausea and diarrhea or constipation), muscle aches, palpitations, frequent coughing colds, sleep disturbances, decreased sexual desire, trembling body, trembling ears, drooping legs cold and sweaty, or dry mouth and difficult to swallow. Stress in women can also cause menstrual complaints or disorders.
Cognitive symptoms, for example, often forget, it is difficult to focus attention, pessimistic, have a negative view, and make bad decisions.
Behavioral symptoms, such as refusing to eat, avoiding responsibility, and showing nervous attitudes such as nail biting or walking back and forth, smoking, to consuming excessive alcohol.
Causes of Stress
When someone faces a condition that triggers stress, the body will react naturally, namely by releasing a hormone called cortisol and adrenaline. This reaction is actually good for helping someone deal with a dangerous or threatening situation, so they can get out of the situation.
There are various situations or events that can trigger stress, including:
Don’t have a job
Burden at work
Will undergo a job interview
Never get pregnant when it’s been married long enough
Worried not being able to care for children
Fighting with a partner
Bad relationship with superiors
A victim of abuse
Getting married or divorced
Evicted from home
Undergo the judicial process
Suffer from a disease that is severe or difficult to cure.
Stress is difficult to avoid. So, the most important thing is how to deal with stress, because if stress occurs prolonged, it can cause health problems.
Stress Diagnosis and Treatment
If a person cannot cope with stress well and the stress is prolonged, it is recommended to consult a psychiatrist. Especially when stress is experienced repeatedly to cause physical symptoms.
Through counseling sessions, the psychiatrist will find out the triggers, so that treatment can be determined. If stress has affected the work of internal organs, the psychiatrist will recommend supporting examinations, such as laboratory tests or heart records.
After evaluating the patient’s problem, mental condition, and physical condition, the psychiatrist will determine the appropriate treatment. The focus of stress management is to change the way people perceive and respond to situations that cause stress.
Stress management methods include lifestyle changes, relaxation techniques, and psychotherapy.
These lifestyle changes include:
Implement a balanced nutritional diet
Limiting caffeine consumption
Avoid consumption of alcohol and drugs
Doing activities that are pleasing to the heart.
In addition to lifestyle changes, stress management efforts can also be done by doing relaxation techniques that can relieve stress, such as meditation, aromatherapy, or yoga.
In psychotherapy, the psychiatrist will try to instill in sufferers to always have a positive outlook in all conditions. In addition, the psychiatrist will ask the patient to make goals in his life, starting from goals that are easily achieved.