General Anxiety Disorders
Common anxiety disorder is the emergence of excessive and uncontrolled anxiety or worry about various things and conditions. This condition will disrupt the daily activities of sufferers.
General anxiety disorder can occur to anyone, but most often occurs in adults over the age of 30 years. When experiencing this condition, sufferers generally can not explain why he feels excessive anxiety or worry.
Symptoms of Anxiety Disorders General
Anxiety or anxiety is a natural thing, especially if there is pressure or certain conditions. However, if anxiety and worry become out of control, excessive, even to the point of disrupting daily activities, then this could be a sign that you are experiencing a generalized anxiety disorder.
Common anxiety disorder symptoms that can be recognized include:
The emergence of excessive anxiety and worry about various conditions that are not typical.
Excessive thoughts arise about plans and solutions for every worst possibility that does not necessarily emerge.
Easily feels offended, anxious, nervous, and cornered.
Hesitating, afraid, and difficult to make a decision.
Difficult to concentrate.
General anxiety disorders can also cause physical symptoms, such as always feeling tired, experiencing sleep disturbances, headaches, trembling, excessive sweating, and nausea, stomach pain, and recurring diarrhea.
When to see a doctor
Check with your doctor if you feel excessive anxiety and worry, out of control, and interfere with daily activities, or when you experience complaints and symptoms mentioned above.
You should also see a doctor if you have a history of other mental disorders, such as panic disorder, obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), or depression.
If you have been diagnosed with a generalized anxiety disorder, routine control to the doctor also needs to be done to monitor the progress of the condition.
Common Anxiety Disorders
Until now not yet known the exact cause of generalized anxiety disorder. However, a combination of various factors is thought to contribute to triggering the emergence of generalized anxiety disorder. These factors are:
Having a history of trauma or having experienced a stressful event, such as bullying or harassment.
Having a family with a history of generalized anxiety disorder.
Have a disease that requires long-term treatment, such as arthritis.
Have a history of drug use or alcoholism.
Have a history of disorders of the nervous system.
General Anxiety Disorders Diagnosis
To diagnose generalized anxiety disorder, the doctor will conduct questions and answers about complaints that are experienced, and medical history, drug use, and illness in the family. The doctor will also ask about daily life, activities, and the environment.
Next the doctor uses the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) criteria to diagnose generalized anxiety disorder.
Some criteria that indicate that the patient has a generalized anxiety disorder are:
Excessive anxiety and worry that lasts for at least 6 months.
Worries that are difficult to control.
These complaints and symptoms cause disruption in activity.
Complaints are not based on a specific disease or health condition.
In addition, generalized anxiety disorder is also characterized by anxiety and fear followed by at least the following 3 symptoms:
Feeling restless, lackluster, and cornered.
Difficult to concentrate.
Increased muscle tension.
Having sleep disorders (including difficulty falling asleep or always wanting to sleep).
If it is suspected that there is another condition or disease that underlies the complaint, the doctor will ask the patient to undergo a supporting test, such as a urine or blood test.
Treatment of General Anxiety Disorders
Treatment for generalized anxiety disorder includes 2 steps, namely through cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and drugs. These two steps will usually be combined according to the patient’s needs.
Cognitive behavioral therapy
Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is done so that sufferers recognize and change thinking patterns and behaviors that make them feel anxious. This therapy helps the patient not to turn an ordinary thought into a negative thought and be able to see it more realistically.
Patients need to spend 1 hour every week to undergo 1 session of CBT therapy for 3-4 months. During the CBT therapy session, the psychiatrist or psychologist will also teach relaxation techniques so that the patient is able to calm down when facing situations that can trigger anxiety.
In addition to cognitive behavioral therapy, doctors will provide several types of medicines to reduce complaints.